What Happens If You Do Cocaine Once: Side Effects & Risks

what happens when you snort cocaine

We’ll cover everything you need to know, like what to expect from the high, potential risks, and what to do if things go south. Cocaine binds to neural receptors increasing dopamine production and reducing the body’s ability to recycle excess dopamine. Once coated, the sensitive mucous membranes in the nose will absorb the cocaine into the blood stream. All of these effects result from damage to the respiratory system caused by the inhalation of cocaine directly into the lungs. Snorting cocaine in its hydrochloride salt form has historically been the most commonly used method of ingestion.

Cocaine Effects

In other words, the intermittent group was willing to “pay” much more to get the drug. Compared to the rats taking slower injections, the rats taking rapid injections developed an excessive desire to obtain cocaine. After a long abstinence period, they were also alprazolam oral route side effects more likely to resume pressing on the cocaine lever when given an opportunity to do so, which mimics relapse after abstinence. Importantly, differences between the two groups of rats were seen even when they had taken the same total number of drug injections.

Skin and vein damage

Snorting cocaine is not only harmful to a person’s nose but can also lead to addiction. Several of the differences between the smokers and intranasal cocaine users on baseline characteristic differences were consistent with those reported in the existing literature. However, the differences between smokers and intranasal users reported here is not merely due to differences between racial groups.

Recognizing an overdose

what happens when you snort cocaine

This increase in dopamine activity can reinforce a compulsion for continued use—enticing users to take more of the drug to continue feeling its effects. Cocaine is frequently mixed or cut with other substances, many of which themselves are harmful. A person may not be aware that these substances are present, a fact that can make crack cocaine even more dangerous and up the potential for deadly overdose. When snorted, certain chemical fillers may cause additional irritation to the nose. However, in the most severe of cases, cocaine may be cut with other potent and addictive drugs, mainly opioids. But it carries many risks, including overdose and serious physical and mental side effects as well as addiction.

Treatment for Cocaine Addiction

what happens when you snort cocaine

This gives each side as much time as possible to heal and rest. The chemical nature of vitamin E also means that it’s easily broken down when exposed to light and air, so it becomes less and less useful as it sits on the shelf. As a thick oil, vitamin E can help to protect nasal mucosa and lock in moisture, but research is shaky on whether it’s effective for irritated skin or wounds. However, we believe in providing accessible and accurate information to reduce the harm that can occur when using them. Here’s a look at how to apply petroleum jelly to your nose, other techniques you can try for relief, and why cocaine irritates your nose in the first place.

How Much Cocaine Do You Have to Do for Your Nose to Fall Apart?

The body naturally creates dopamine when you engage in activities it enjoys like getting exercise, eating food, and having sex. The end stages of your body’s use of dopamine include specialized proteins which remove it from your brain’s receptors in order to recycle it. Using cocaine essentially blocks those recycling proteins from accessing the dopamine, causing its effects to continue.

Can You Snort Crack-Cocaine?

Such differences in prolonged periods of abstinence do not appear to have as much effect on the severity of problems in major life domains, as does the overall frequency of cocaine use. Conversely, other large multisite national studies reported few outcome differences for users of crack and powder cocaine. Therefore there is little evidence of treatment outcome differences according to route of cocaine administration for individuals seeking treatment for cocaine dependence in community outpatient treatment facilities. Second, intranasal users achieved longer periods of sustained abstinence than smokers (non-significant trend), yet the percentage of days abstinent did not differ between the groups. Thus, while intranasal users may report longer periods of consecutive days of abstinence during treatment, the total number of days of cocaine use may be equivalent to smokers. It does not necessarily follow, however, that smokers of cocaine are not successful in treatment, as smokers also demonstrated reductions in cocaine use during the study period.

The high achieved by smoking cocaine also dissipates quickly, so individuals may want to quickly use another dose to maintain the original high. The high from smoking rock cocaine lasts about 10 to 15 minutes. This is why people can end up smoking large amounts of cocaine in a short period. People typically snort cocaine by snorting individual lines or smaller bumps of powdered cocaine. The person sniffs the substance up into the nose through one nostril and then often alternates nostrils.

When smoked, cocaine goes straight from the lungs to the heart and then to the brain. With cocaine use disorder, you may become both physically and mentally dependent on the drug. Even if you stop using it for a long time, you could still have cravings for the drug.

  1. Give us a call today to learn more about your addiction treatment options for substance use disorders.
  2. While snorting cocaine causes a sought-after high, it has numerous downsides.
  3. But there are a few medication options doctors are having some success with.
  4. Even if you stop using it for a long time, you could still have cravings for the drug.

But when it is snorted, it will take longer for crack to reach your bloodstream than when it’s smoked. For that reason, crack is usually smoked to achieve a faster high. But crack can also be converted know the difference between ethanol and alcohol back to powder cocaine by treating it with an acidic solution like lemon juice. “Snorting cocaine even one time can result in an overdose.” Snorting cocaine can be dangerous for a number of reasons.

With no blood supply, the septal lining eventually dies, as does the underlying cartilage. As cocaine courses through your veins, it can send your cardiovascular system into a dangerous overdrive. Excitement and energy can give way to labored breathing, sweating, abnormal heart rhythms and chest pain. In the worst case, cocaine can cause heart attacks, strokes, seizures, coma and death. Cocaine withdrawal might not require medical attention, but that doesn’t mean you can’t reach out for help. If you recently used cocaine on a single occasion, some research suggests waiting at least 24 hours before breastfeeding again.

Her treatment approach includes providing evidence-based practices in a supportive and non-confrontational manner. If someone you know often suffers from nosebleeds and exhibits other signs of cocaine addiction, they might be using cocaine regularly. Dry air also can result in random nose bleeds, so understanding other effects of regular cocaine use can help someone determine if a loved one is at risk. Snorting cocaine requires the drug to travel from the blood vessels in the nose to the heart, which then sends the substance into the lungs to be turned into oxygen. The blood carrying the corrupted oxygen then returns to the heart where it is sent to the body’s other organs.

When someone who uses cocaine regularly suddenly stops snorting the drug, they may experience withdrawal symptoms. Symptoms of cocaine withdrawal, or a cocaine crash, include fatigue, depression, anxiety, irritability, increased appetite and sleeping difficulties. Not only does snorting drugs like crushed hydrocodone lead to nasal damage, but it can damage the throat and upper respiratory system. People who abuse hydrocodone or other drugs by snorting them are more likely to develop infections in the upper respiratory system, including pneumonia. Individuals who crush up the tablets and inhale them through the nose may experience an intense but short-lived high.

Cocaine also enters the bloodstream through the mucous membrane, which also becomes irritated as cocaine causes the blood vessels to constrict. Each method of using the drug involves the substance entering the body in a different way, which can lead to different interactions and divergent effects. Snorting cocaine causes the drug to reach the bloodstream through a person’s nasal tissues. People who regularly use cocaine intranasally are likely to experience physical effects and health risks unique to this method.

Nasal sprays of hydrocodone and Vicodin can cause significant damage to your nose. Inpatient treatment is more immersive, intensive, and generally the most effective treatment option for people who struggle with cocaine abuse. With this type of treatment, a person will go to a detox facility and stay full-time for several days, weeks, or months while receiving victory programs treatment. This buildup of dopamine is central to cocaine’s potential for misuse. Because the body may seek to fulfill the newfound craving for this dopamine reward, the brain’s neurochemistry can be changed, leading to a substance use disorder. This means they should have access to clean needles, for instance, which reduce the rates of HIV transmission.

Cocaine addiction treatment will be similar regardless of the method of ingestion. Many people who use cocaine may use multiple methods of ingestion, and they may also have polysubstance dependence. The study also found that despite better treatment outcomes in some areas of measurement, these users still experienced the same severity of problems in other areas of their lives.

Emily’s experience also includes working with college students, clients with severe mental illness, and delivering crisis intervention services. Cocaine may also be laced with fentanyl, a powerful prescription opioid medication that is approximately 50 times more potent than heroin. “Reconstruction of the nose damaged by cocaine.” Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 2001. Individuals can also develop large holes in their hard palate — the roof of their mouth. When this happens, a person experiences nasal regurgitation, where food they are eating comes out of their nose. Chronic coke users may develop what’s known as a “saddle nose.” With a saddle deformity, the bridge of the nose essentially collapses and tip of the nose becomes wider and upturned.